Having to perform CPR on anyone, let alone a little child is extremely scary, especially when you’re alone and are probably inexperienced. However, not to worry! Summon your inner hero and read on to learn how to perform child CPR!
- Assess the condition of the scene and the child. Tap on the child’s shoulder, and ask him if he’s okay. If he does not respond, bring him to a safe area where you should be able to conduct CPR.
- If he doesn’t respond to your question, call for help. If there are bystanders around you, appoint one specific person to call 911. It’s more effective to appoint one person rather than to ambiguously shout for help to save time deciding on who should be calling 911. If you are alone, immediately perform child CPR before calling 911.
- Lie the child down and lift his chin up gently to open up his airway. Make sure that there’s nothing in his mouth to obstruct his airway. Put the side of your face close to the child’s mouth to feel his breaths against your cheek while looking at whether his chest is rising or otherwise.
- If you do not feel any signs of life such as coughing, breathing (not gasps!), immediately deliver 2 rescue breaths. To do this, lift his chin up gently, pinch on his nose with your thumb and index fingers, and completely seal his mouth with yours. Breathe out for one second, and check for breathing. Do it once more if there are no signs of breathing.
- If the rescue breaths did not resuscitate him, perform chest compressions immediately. To do this, locate the point where his ribs meet at the center of his chest, on his breastbone. Place the heel of your hand there, place your other hand on top and interlock your fingers. Give compressions at the rate of 100 beats per minute. Use the tune of “Staying Alive” by Bee Gees to help you. Press down as deep as 1 and a half inches to 2 inches.
- Perform 30 chest compressions, followed by 2 rescue breaths immediately after. After 2 minutes of chest compressions, call 911 if you are alone. Resume compressions until signs of breathing are detected, emergency help has arrived or until you are exhausted in which case – ask someone else to replace you.
Now that you know how to perform a child CPR, don’t hesitate and don’t worry when it comes to saving a young child’s life!