First Aid & CPR Guidelines - Online First Aid Guide by First Aid Reference - Free Online CPR Class
Do you have a First Aid Question? Ask Us.

CPR – Opening the Airway

ABC’s of Life

Airway Breathing Circulation

A = Airway, B = Breathing, C = Circulation

Airway

Airway: When a person becomes unconscious, they loose all muscle tone. The tongue being a muscle relaxes and may block the airway (trachea/windpipe) of the victim. The tongue is the most common cause of airway obstruction in an unconscious adult. To mitigate this and reopen the victims airway, we must perform a physical intervention to lift and move the tongue out of the way. The maneuver used to open a victims airway is called a head tilt/chin lift.

With the victim laying face up on a hard firm surface place one hand on the forehead of the victim while grasping the bony portion of the chin with the other. Tilt the head and lift the chin at the same time. This lifts the tongue and creates a pocket for oxygen to travel.

Opening the Airway

When you open the victims airway you may hear sounds of oxygen or gasses escaping and/or may see fluid, vomit, or froth escape from the victims mouth. Anything blocked from the tongue in the trachea will potentially escape when the airway is opened. Do not confuse this with breathing or stop CPR if this occurs.

Next: Breathing (Assessment & Rescue Breathing)

Related First Aid & CPR Articles:


2 Comments on “CPR – Opening the Airway”

You can track this conversation through its atom feed.

  1. CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) Guide at First Aid: Online First Aid and CPR Information by First Aid Reference – First Aid Guide says:

    [...] Size Up / Ensure Personal Safety Assess Victim (Tap and Shout) Call 911 / Get Additional Resources Airway: Open the Victims Airway Breathing: Assess / Provide Breathing Breathing: Mouth to Mouth Breathing: Mouth to Mask [...]

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.




** This website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace or serve as a substitute for face to face evaluation and treatment by a qualified person. **
United States: In an Emergency Dial 911. For Poison Control Call 1-800-222-1222
CPR Classes, First Aid Classes, First Aid Reference, First Aid Guide, CPR Guidelines, How to do CPR, Learn CPR, CPR Training, CPR Course, First Aid Course, CPR Guide, Online CPR Certification, Local CPR, New CPR Guidelines, Emergency First Aid