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CPR – Assessing the Victim

Assess the Victim: Upon finding a suspected victim of cardiac arrest and insuring your own safety – you should assess the victim for responsiveness and determine the appropriate actions for that person.

You must remember that things may not be as they appear. Is every person found laying on a sidewalk or in a public place in need of CPR? They may be simply asleep, or under the influence of drugs, alcohol, perhaps be homeless, or even mentally ill. You must determine what situation you are faced with before taking any other actions.

To assess the victim you should tap and shake the victim physically and yell at the victim “ARE YOUR OKAY?”. You want to use enough stimulus that would awaken an average person. The victim may be deaf or hard of earring – by physically shaking and tapping the victim we know with certainty their status.

Check for Medical Information Jewelry: Some victims may have a necklace, bracket, or other item on them that details a known medical condition. You should look for medical information jewelry on all unresponsive victims.

Next: Calling 911/Getting Additional Resources

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  1. CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) Guide at First Aid: Online First Aid and CPR Information by First Aid Reference – First Aid Guide says:

    [...] Guide of Steps CPR: (Click on Topic for Information) Scene Size Up / Ensure Personal Safety Assess Victim (Tap and Shout) Call 911 / Get Additional Resources Airway: Open the Victims Airway Breathing: Assess / Provide [...]

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