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If a patient begins to move, wake up, or show signs of life while performing CPR, you should immediately stop compressions and reevaluate the patients Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. You should continue treat as indicated. Be prepared to resume compressions if needed. Do not remove an AED if in place as the patient may go [...]


CPR Compression to Breath Ratio

The current American Heart Association Guidelines establish a universal compression to breath ratio of 30 to 2 for Adults, Infants, and Children when performing CPR with rescue breaths. Compressions should be performed hard and fast at the rate of 100 compressions per minute. In healthcare settings, 15 to 2 may be used on infants and [...]


Compound Fracture Picture

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A broken bone which protrudes or breaks the skin is an open fracture (or compound fracture) and requires emergency medical evaluation and treatment. In first aid, if you are faced with a compound fracture attempt to position the injury in its position of function (normal position), treat any bleeding/cover any open wounds, and splint the [...]


Answer: No, recovery (if any) from defibrillation after suffering from a shockable rhythm is a delayed process. Time down before defibrillation has been shown to be equatable to potential recovery time after a shock. Link to this post!


What does a flatline mean?

A flat-line on a cardiac monitor indicates a asystolic heart rhythm. Asystolic or Asystole means that there is no electrical heart activity. Unlike TV, in real life, use of a defibrillator provides no valid treatment for asystole or a flatline. You can not shock a flatline (or asystole) back into a regular rhythm or restart [...]


First Aid: Nature of Emergencies

Nature of Emergencies Emergencies by nature are stressful and take a toll on everyone involved. To be able to help someone else you must remember to remain calm. You must make rational decisions based upon processing rapid information related to the situation you are in without influence of emotion. Failure to remain calm and/or separate [...]


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Emergency Preparedness

Emergency Preparedness Before an emergency happens is the proper time to start preparing for it. Once the situation occurs there is little opportunity for planning and organization. In your daily life, look around and think about common situations that may occur and how you should respond to them. What would you do if a coworker [...]


Legal Considerations of CPR & First Aid When providing CPR or First Aid you should consider the legal ramifications of your actions. Generally, lay persons have no legal duty to act to aid someone else in need. Election to help someone else is guided by an internal moral compass of what is reasonable and expected. [...]


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First Aid: After the Emergency

After The Emergency After the initial rush of an emergency is not uncommon to feel unappreciated, sad, or even guilty once other rescuers have taken over. Remember that you should do your personal best to make the outcome potentially better for the victim. People will not always have a positive outcome and some may die. [...]


Universal Precautions & Bloodborne Pathogens Your personal safety is your number 1 priority in any situation. Bodily fluids such as blood and saliva may contain pathogens that may cause disease or illness. You should attempt to isolate direct contact with bodily fluids to limit your risk of exposure to these pathogens. Pathogens can enter your [...]


First Aid: Poisonings

Poisoning A poison is anything a person swallows, breaths, or gets into their eyes that causes sickness, injury, or death. Many common everyday products can be poisonous to a person. Evaluate any potential poisoning situation with due regard for you own personal safety. Wear PPE if appropriate and available. Move the victim from the scene [...]


Temperature Emergencies Heat Emergencies: Victims exposed to heat may experience symptoms that may be minor to life threatening. To avoid heat related emergencies you should remember to drink plenty of fluids and dress appropriately for the conditions. Upon discovering someone suffering from a heat related emergency you must act quickly to avoid further progression of [...]


Insect bites and stings are typically minor in nature and only cause mild pain and discomfort. If someone has a known severe allergy to an insect bite or sting you should call 911 and treat them according to the allergic reaction protocol. To treat a victim of a insect bite or sting evaluate the situation [...]


Head, Neck, and Spine Injuries You should be concerned for potential head, neck, or spinal cord injuries with any traumatic event. There is a potential risk for serious injury including paralysis if treated inappropriately. Common mechanisms of injury that produce head, neck, and spine injuries are falls from height, blows to the head, diving injuries, [...]


First Aid: Bleeding

Bleeding Bleeding is a common first aid situation due to scrapes, cuts, and lacerations. Bleeding should be treated as a life threatening condition if you are unable to control the bleeding through first aid procedures, there is a large amount of blood loss, or blood is squirting from the wound. You should call 911 immediately [...]


First Aid: Shock

Shock Shock is a medical condition that develops due to a deviation in efficient blood and oxygen circulation throughout the body due to a heart condition, blood loss, or allergic reaction. A person suffering from shock will feel weak, faint, or dizzy; have pale, cool, clammy, sweaty skin; and may act restless, confused, or agitated [...]


First Aid: Seizure

Seizure A seizure is a medical condition in which the victims brain experiences hyperactivity which causes problems in attentiveness and functioning. Seizures may be related to a chronic disorder called epilepsy or acutely due to head injury, low blood sugar, poisoning, other neurological disorder, and sometime other illnesses. During a seizure a person may loose [...]


First Aid: Storke

Stroke Stoke is a condition in which the brain is deprived of oxygen and blood flow do to a clot or bleed inside the brain. A person suffering from a stroke will have neurological symptoms or deficits usually isolated to one side or part of the body. They may become confused, be unable to speak, [...]


Diabetic Emergencies A diabetic emergency is a situation in which a victim is ill due to a problem with their blood sugar. Any victim with an altered mental status should always be evaluated for a potential diabetic emergency. Persons with diabetes are unable to properly regulate or manage their blood sugar levels. A victim may [...]


Fist Aid: Fainting / Dizziness

Fainting Fainting is an occurrence were an individual looses consciousness. Fainting may be an indication of a serious medical condition. Many times however a person faints after standing or moving too quickly; or after standing without moving for a long period of time. This occurs due the capacity of the heart not meeting the demand [...]


What is a Heart Attack?

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Heart Attack A heart attack is a life threatening medical emergency in which the heart muscle suffers an event in which part of the heart is damaged or dies. A person having a heart attack may have chest discomfort, pain, or pressure; discomfort in the upper body including the arms, back, neck, or jaw; shortness [...]




** This website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace or serve as a substitute for face to face evaluation and treatment by a qualified person. **
United States: In an Emergency Dial 911. For Poison Control Call 1-800-222-1222
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