Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure for a victim in cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is when a persons heart quits beating.
CPR involves rescuer provided physical interventions to create artificial circulation for a victim who is unconscious/non responsive, not breathing, and does not have a pulse.
The main purpose of CPR is to maintain a flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and the heart. Effective CPR helps by delaying tissue death and provides an opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage if initiated quickly and effectively. Permanent cellular damage and death start to occur within 3 to 5 minutes of collapse.
The sooner we initiate the steps of CPR – the higher chances of survivability. Roughly 300,000 individuals suffer cardiac arrest outside of a hospital each year in the United States. Only an estimated 6% of that 300,000 survive. Knowing how to perform CPR may make the difference between life and death for someone else.
Scene Size Up / Ensure Personal Safety
Assess Victim (Tap and Shout)
Call 911 / Get Additional Resources
Circulation: Rib Fracture
Ciculation: Compression Only / Hands Only CPR
Airway: Open the Victims Airway
Breathing: Assess / Provide Breathing
Breathing: Mouth to Mouth
Breathing: Mouth to Mask
– Child CPR & Infant CPR –
When to call 911 or get help in Infant CPR & Child CPR
Steps of Infant CPR / Steps of Child CPR
–Healthcare Provider CPR –
Healthcare Provider BLS CPR Considerations
– Automated External Defibrillators –
How to use an AED